官方APP下載:英語全能特訓(微信小程序版,支持蘋果手機、安卓手機)
創辦于2003年
UNSV記不???那就記中文諧音“憂安思?!卑?!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英語學習頻道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公眾微信服務號
英語全能特訓(微信公眾服務號)
UNSV英語學習頻道淘寶網店
客服短信:18913948480
客服郵箱:[email protected]
初級VIP會員
全站英語學習資料下載。
¥98元/12個月

EVERYDAY GRAMMAR - Grammar for Making New Year's Resolutions

閱讀次數:


VIP會員專享下載:(非VIP會員無權下載!如果想下載,但還不是VIP會員,請點此訂購
下載方式:使用鼠標右鍵(注意是鼠標右鍵?。c擊下面的MP3音頻/MP4視頻鏈接,然后選擇“另存為…”。
MP3節目錄音 MP3節目錄音 
文章原文
同步字幕

The New Year can come on different dates for different cultures. Most of the Western world, for example, celebrates it on January 1. This year, the Lunar New Year takes place on January 25. The Persian New Year, Nowruz, falls on March 20. And the Islamic New Year is August 19.

But one thing many cultures have in common is the idea of New Year's resolutions. A New Year's resolution is a personal goal to change unwanted behavior, make a life improvement or try something new.

Popular New Year's resolutions in the United States, for example, include losing weight, improving your finances, volunteering for a charity and spending less time on social media.

On today's Everyday Grammar, we will show you how to talk about resolutions in English.

Eating healthier and losing weight are popular New Year's resolutions in the United States.
Eating healthier and losing weight are popular New Year's resolutions in the United States.

Asking a question

First, let's learn how to ask people about their resolutions.

Listen to a short conversation:

Hey there, Jill. Happy New Year! Great to see you.

Hi, Jonathan. Happy New Year to you too! How was yours?

It was crazy! We went to New York and watched the ball drop in Times Square. Really crowded and loud – but still really fun.

Sweet! Do you have any New Year's resolutions?

Jill asked Jonathan about resolutions simply by saying, "Do you have any New Year's resolutions?"

You can also say, "What are your New Year's resolutions?" to ask about more than one or "What is your New Year's resolution?" to ask about one.

Now, let's find out how to answer the question.

Using phrasal verbs

When we make statements about our resolutions, we often use phrasal verbs.

We can use the phrasal verb "take up" to say that we will start a new activity as a hobby.

Listen to Jill and Jonathan continue their conversation:

Sweet! Do you have any New Year's resolutions?

Yes, I do. I plan to take up kickboxing starting next week. I'm excited to finally do it rather than just talk about it! How about you?

Another phrasal verb for resolutions is "give up," which is to stop doing or using something. We can use this verb to talk about ending bad habits or changing a behavior for a time.

Let's hear Jill respond using the verb "give up":

How about you?

I am giving up sugar for the month of January. Then, for the rest of the year, I'm avoiding soft drinks.

Impressive! I wish I could join you but kickboxing class starts soon. I'll probably want a sweet snack after class!

Another phrasal verb, "cut out," has the same basic meaning as "give up." For example, Jill could say, "I am cutting out sugar for the month of January."

But in many situations, we do not need phrasal verbs to talk about resolutions, as you will soon see.

Using future forms

Next, let's talk about verb tenses and forms. Jonathan talked about his new kickboxing hobby using the verb "plan" followed by the infinitive verb form and Jill talked about giving up sugar using the present continuous verb tense, also called "BE + ing."

We can also use the simple future tenses: one with "will" and the other with "going to." These tenses are especially useful when the New Year has not come yet.

Imagine it's the last week of the year and a few people are talking to each other about resolutions: Here are some things you might hear:

In 2020, I'm going to visit my parents every month.

By January 1, I will end a few unhealthy friendships.

In the new year, I'm going to walk 10,000 steps every day.

When we use simple future tenses to talk about resolutions, we're expressing that we are making a promise to or plan for ourselves. The noun "resolution" comes from the verb "resolve," which means to make a serious decision to do something.

Infinitives and gerunds

You may have noticed that the statements so far today did not actually use the word "resolution." That is because the subject was already known by the listeners. But it is still perfectly normal to start your statements with, "My New Year's resolution is…" or "My New Year's resolutions are…" An infinitive verb or a gerund must come after these phrases. Here is an example:

My New Year's resolution is to call my sister on video chat every week.

The infinitive verb here is "to call."

You can also use a gerund, like this:

My New Year's resolution is calling my sister on video chat every week.

Well, that's all for today's program. Tell us about your New Year's resolutions in the comments below.

Happy New Year!

I'm Alice Bryant.

Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

Words in This Story

charity – n. an organization that helps people who are poor, sick, or otherwise in need

conversation – n. an informal talk involving two people or a small group of people

phrasal verb – n. a group of words that functions as a verb and is made up of a verb and a preposition or an adverb, or both

hobby – n. an activity that a person does for pleasure when not working

habit – n. something that a person does often in a regular and repeated way

impressive – adj. deserving attention, admiration, or respect

tense – n. a form of a verb that is used to show when an action happened

chat – n. a talk held over the internet by people using a computer or phone

網友的學習評論(0條):
版權所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有權利。未經書面許可,嚴禁轉載本站內容,違者追究法律責任。 互聯網經營ICP證:蘇B2-20120186
網站備案:蘇ICP備05000269號-1中國工業和信息化部網站備案查詢
廣播臺
地区关键词垄断赚钱 仙牛网配资 广西11选5欢迎到店 最好的股票配资平台 福建十一选五遗漏数据 东方6 1走势图综合版 江西快3遗漏数据查询 极速11选5投注技巧 快乐12走势图一定牛 26选5一等奖 基金配资平台是什么