官方APP下載:英語全能特訓(微信小程序版,支持蘋果手機、安卓手機)
創辦于2003年
UNSV記不???那就記中文諧音“憂安思?!卑?!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英語學習頻道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公眾微信服務號
英語全能特訓(微信公眾服務號)
UNSV英語學習頻道淘寶網店
客服短信:18913948480
客服郵箱:[email protected]
初級VIP會員
全站英語學習資料下載。
¥98元/12個月

An Environmental Success Story for Fishing on America's West Coast

閱讀次數:


VIP會員專享下載:(非VIP會員無權下載!如果想下載,但還不是VIP會員,請點此訂購
下載方式:使用鼠標右鍵(注意是鼠標右鍵?。c擊下面的MP3音頻/MP4視頻鏈接,然后選擇“另存為…”。
MP3節目錄音 MP3節目錄音 
文章原文
同步字幕

A rare environmental success story is taking place on the West Coast of the United States.

The numbers of groundfish have greatly increased in recent years. The term groundfish describes a number of fish species that live near the bottom of the Pacific.

Shems Jud is the regional director for the Environmental Defense Fund's ocean program. "It's really a conservation home run," he said, adding, "It's the biggest environmental story that no one knows about."

Bottom trawling

On January first, regulators will reopen a large area to bottom trawling: a form of fishing that uses nets to catch fish near the bottom of the ocean. The change will take effect in an area off the coast of the states of Oregon and California. The move even comes with the approval of environmental groups that were once the trawling industry's biggest enemies.

In the 1980s, bottom trawling was very successful, with 500 boats in California, Oregon and Washington. They caught about 91 million kilograms of groundfish each year.

But bottom trawlers overfished. Many species of rockfish, slow-growing creatures with spiny fins, were the hardest hit.

In the late 1990s, scientists began to worry about decreasing fish numbers. By 2005, trawlers brought in just one fourth of their yearly catch during the 1980s.

In this Dec. 11, 2019 photo, Kevin Dunn, a trawler who fishes for groundfish, stands next to his boat as he speaks on the phone with a fish processor at the docks in Warrenton, Oregon. A rare environmental success story is unfolding in waters off the U.S. West Coast as regulators in January 2020 are scheduled to reopen a large area off the coasts of Oregon and California to groundfish bottom trawling fishing less than two decades after authorities closed huge stretches of the Pacific Ocean due to the species' depletion. (AP Photo/Gillian Flaccus)
In this Dec. 11, 2019 photo, Kevin Dunn, a trawler who fishes for groundfish, stands next to his boat as he speaks on the phone with a fish processor at the docks in Warrenton, Oregon. A rare environmental success story is unfolding in waters off the U.S. West Coast as regulators in January 2020 are scheduled to reopen a large area off the coasts of Oregon and California to groundfish bottom trawling fishing less than two decades after authorities closed huge stretches of the Pacific Ocean due to the species' depletion. (AP Photo/Gillian Flaccus)

Today 75 boats are involved in trawling, said Brad Pettinger. He is the former director of the Oregon Trawl Commission. "We really wiped out the industry for a number of years," Pettinger said.

Quotas and changing fishing practices

In 2011, trawlers received limits, known as quotas, defining how much of each species they could catch. If they went over the limit, they had to buy permission to use the quota of other fishermen.

Fishermen quickly learned to avoid areas with many banned species, and began trying to catch fewer banned fish.

Studies soon showed groundfish numbers increasing — in some cases, 50 years faster than predicted. Accidental trawling of overfished species fell by 80 percent.

As the quota system's success became clear, environmentalists and trawlers began to talk. Then, regulators reconsidered the trawling rules. Both sides wanted their voices to be heard in the process.

Seth Atkinson is a lawyer with the nonprofit group Natural Resources Defense Council. "All we could do on our end is make a good-faith offer, and I really credit the guys in the industry for taking that up," he said. "These were tough compromises."

Last year, regulators approved a plan to reopen the Rockfish Conservation Area to fishing. They also banned future trawling in very deep waters. The plan also noted that some places important to fish reproduction were barred to fisherman, including a large area near Southern California.

Not a lot of demand

Trawlers could harvest as much as 54 million kilograms of fish a year. But there is currently only demand for about half that much. Many Americans have grown up without ever tasting groundfish. These fish have been replaced in stores by farmed fish or foreign species like tilapia.

A trade association called Positively Groundfish is trying to increase public interest with food festivals and trade shows. They talk about the industry's new sustainability. They give fish away, too.

Jana Hennig is the association's executive director. She said, "People are so surprised to hear…that you can manage a fishery so well that it actually bounces back to abundance."

I'm John Russell.

Gillian Flaccus reported on this story for the Associated Press. John Russell adapted it for Learning English. Mario Ritter, Jr. was the editor.

Words in This Story

species -- n. biology : a group of animals or plants that are similar and can produce young animals or plants : a group of related animals or plants that is smaller than a genus

conservation – n. the protection of animals, plants, and natural resources

regulator – n. an official who works for the part of the government that controls a public activity (such as banking or insurance) by making and enforcing rules

manage -- v. to have control of (something, such as a business, department, sports team, etc.)

bounce back -- phrasal verb : to return quickly to a normal condition after a difficult situation or event

abundance – n. a large amount of something : an abundant amount of something

sustainability – n. involving methods that do not completely use up or destroy natural resources

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

網友的學習評論(0條):
版權所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有權利。未經書面許可,嚴禁轉載本站內容,違者追究法律責任。 互聯網經營ICP證:蘇B2-20120186
網站備案:蘇ICP備05000269號-1中國工業和信息化部網站備案查詢
廣播臺
地区关键词垄断赚钱